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 Post subject: MINERALE: Potasiu (Kaliu)
PostPosted: Tue Jul 03, 2012 3:02 pm 
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Overview:

Potassium is a very important mineral for the proper function of all cells, tissues, and organs in the human body. It is also an electrolyte, a substance that conducts electricity in the body, along with sodium, chloride, calcium, and magnesium. Potassium is crucial to heart function and plays a key role in skeletal and smooth muscle contraction, making it important for normal digestive and muscular function. Many foods contain potassium, including all meats, some types of fish (such as salmon, cod, and flounder), and many fruits, vegetables, and legumes. Dairy products are also good sources of potassium.

Having too much potassium in the blood is called hyperkalemia; having too little is known as hypokalemia. Keeping the right potassium balance in the body depends on the amount of sodium and magnesium in the blood. Too much sodium -- common in Western diets that use a lot of salt -- may increase the need for potassium. Diarrhea, vomiting, excessive sweating, malnutrition, malabsorption syndromes (such as Crohn's disease) can also cause potassium deficiency, as well as use of a kind of heart medicine called loop diuretics.

Most people get all of the potassium they need from a healthy diet rich in vegetables and fruits. Older people have a greater risk of hyperkalemia because their kidneys are less efficient at eliminating potassium as they age. Older people should be careful when taking medication that may affect potassium levels, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and ACE inhibitors (see section on Interactions).

Whatever your age, talk to your doctor before taking potassium supplements.

Bone Health

Studies show a positive link between a diet rich in potassium and bone health, particularly among elderly women, suggesting that increasing consumption of foods rich in potassium may play a role in osteoporosis prevention. More research is needed to determine whether a diet high in potassium can reduce bone turnover in people.

Hypokalemia

The most important use of potassium is to treat the symptoms of hypokalemia (low potassium), which include weakness, lack of energy, muscle cramps, stomach disturbances, an irregular heartbeat, and an abnormal EKG (electrocardiogram, a test that measures heart function). Hypokalemia is usually caused by the body losing too much potassium in the urine or intestines; it's rarely caused by a lack of potassium in the diet. Hypokalemia can be life threatening and should always be treated by a doctor.

High Blood Pressure

Some studies have linked low levels of potassium in the diet with high blood pressure. And there is some evidence that potassium supplements might cause a slight drop in blood pressure. Other studies show that increasing potassium intake reduces the risk of dying from cardiovascular disease. Researchers suspect this is largely due to potassium's blood pressure lowering effects. But not all studies agree -- 2 large studies found no effect on blood pressure. It may be that taking potassium helps lower blood pressure only if you're not getting enough of this mineral to start with. Before taking potassium or any supplement for high blood pressure, talk to your doctor.

Stroke

People who get a lot of potassium in their diet have a lower risk of stroke. However, potassium supplements don't seem to produce the same benefit.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

People with IBD (ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease) often have trouble absorbing nutrients from their intestine, and may have low levels of potassium and other important nutrients. If you have IBD, your doctor may check your potassium levels and recommend a supplement.
Dietary Sources:

Good sources of potassium include bananas, citrus juices (such as orange juice), avocados, cantaloupes, tomatoes, potatoes, lima beans, flounder, salmon, cod, chicken, and other meats.
Available Forms:

Several potassium supplements are on the market, including potassium acetate, potassium bicarbonate, potassium citrate, potassium chloride, and potassium gluconate. Supplements are available in tablets, capsules, effervescent tablets, powders, and liquids.

Potassium can also be found in multivitamins.
How to Take It:

Potassium supplements, other than the small amount included in a multivitamin, should be taken only under your doctor's supervision. Do not give potassium supplements to a child unless your doctor prescribes it.

Adequate intake of potassium from dietary sources are listed below:

Pediatric

Infants birth - 6 months: 400 mg/day
Infants 7 months - 12 months: 700 mg/day
Children 1 -3 years: 3 grams (3,000 mg)/day
Children 4 - 8 years: 3.8 grams (3,800 mg)/day
Children 9 - 13 years: 4.5 grams (4,500 mg)/day

Adult

Adults 19 years and older: 4.7 grams (4,700 mg)/day
Pregnant women: 4.7 grams (4,700 mg)/day
Breastfeeding women: 5.1 grams (5,100 mg)/day

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 Post subject: Re: MINERALE: Potasiu (Kaliu)
PostPosted: Tue Jul 03, 2012 11:09 pm 
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Ca si calciu, "foarte alcalin".

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 Post subject: Re: MINERALE: Potasiu (Kaliu)
PostPosted: Wed Jul 04, 2012 11:35 am 
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http://www.acu-cell.com/znk.html

Potassium is one of the electrolytes that with sodium is involved in the maintenance of normal water balance, osmotic equilibrium, acid-base balance, and it is crucial to cardiovascular and nerve functions. It is also the primary positive cation found within the cells, and along with calcium serves an important role in heart muscle contractions, skeletal muscle contraction, nerve impulse transmissions, and the release of energy from food.
Potassium is involved as a co-factor in several enzyme systems which include protein synthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, and it affects uptake of amino acids into cells.

Similarly to Zinc, there is no storage of Potassium in the body, and it is easily lost in cooking, canning, and processing of foods. Some is lost through perspiration, and the adrenal hormone aldosterone also stimulates the elimination of potassium by the kidneys. Individuals with a family history of stroke may want to make sure that they always meet, or even exceed optimal potassium requirements through diet or supplementation, particularly when consuming meals containing above-average amounts of sodium - which should be avoided whenever possible.

Potassium Synergists:
Calcium, copper, iodine, nickel, Vitamin B6, Vitamin C.

Potassium Antagonists / Inhibitors:
Manganese, magnesium, sodium, chromium, sulfur, phosphorus, cobalt, niacin / niacinamide, PABA, Vitamin B12, folic acid, choline, lecithin, alcohol, insulin (serum potassium).

Note: Magnesium is a potassium antagonist at low, or normal sodium levels. However, with high sodium levels, extra magnesium may be required to reduce potassium loss by helping to lower excessively high sodium levels.


Intreg site-ul Acu-Cell Nutrition merita frunzarit deoarece trateaza in detaliu si cu seriozitate mineralele si ofera informatii utile despre rapoarte, sinergii, antagonisti, inhibitori si consecintele ignorarii acestor aspecte.

Imo, intelegerea si respectarea acestor INTER-LEGATURI si PROPORTII intre minerale este mai importanta decit mineralul in sine privit punctual, ca element izolat. Ca exemplu didactic, prefer sa fiu cu potasiul (si sodiul) la limita deficientei dar sa am un raport corect al celor 2 decit fiu indestulat cu unul din ele si raportul sa devina astfel disproportionat (mult potasiu si putin sodiu sau invers).

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 Post subject: Re: MINERALE: Potasiu (Kaliu)
PostPosted: Wed Jul 04, 2012 1:08 pm 
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Gec wrote:
Ca si calciu, "foarte alcalin".

Gec, ai scris acelasi lucru si la discutia despre sodiu, asa ca n-am cum sa nu te intreb, care e relevanta clasificarii acid/bazic in cazul mineralelor?
Fosforul este un mineral esential si dupa calciu, al doilea ca raspindire in organism. Ar fi o idee extrem de proasta sa-l evitam pentru ca ... este acid.

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 Post subject: Re: MINERALE: Potasiu (Kaliu)
PostPosted: Wed Jul 04, 2012 4:52 pm 
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:) N-am zis sa evitam acidele, am zis numai sa "bagam" alcaline, pe baza a ce stiam la momentul cand am scris.

Citind posturile ulterioare am mai invatat cate ceva, de ex. despre raportul potasiu / sodiu; sau despre fosfor, care nu trebuie evitat doar fiindca e acid.

Inca mai cred ca e o idee buna sa "bagam" alcaline, doar ca, daca m-as apuca sa urmaresc serios treaba asta (sa zicem, daca as afla ca am vreo deficienta de minerale), as sti sa fiu atent si la alti factori.

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 Post subject: Re: MINERALE: Potasiu (Kaliu)
PostPosted: Thu Jul 05, 2012 12:24 am 
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e important faptul ca se comporta ca o baza lewis (doneaza electroni) si nu ca un acid (primeste). multe din (toate?) simptomele 'imbatrinirii' pot fi analizate dpdv al echilibrului acid-baza. TOTI macronutrientii sint ACIZI: proteinele sint compuse din aminoacizi, grasimile din acizi grasi, carbohidratii sint metabolizati in alcool iar acesta in acid. toti acesti acizi sint ulterior neutralizati cu minerale alcaline, de unde si cariile, osteoporoza, calcifierea glandelor, etc. fucking huge issue!

corpul e un motor electric. 'acid' e un fel de-a spune 'POLUL POZITIV' al acestui motor, iar 'bazic'/'alcalin' e un fel de-a spune 'POLUL NEGATIV'.

in general, metalele cedeaza electroni (de asta conduc curentul electric, pentru ca le e usor sa cedeze electroni), iar nemetalele ACCEPTA. sau, altfel spus, metalele sint CATOD iar nemetalele, ANOD.

evident, exista o zona 'de mijloc', undeva 'intre' metale si nemetale: semiconductorii :)

acesta se pare ca e motivul pentru care elementul principal in constructia organismelor vii este CARBONUL: faptul ca e SEMI conductor, ceea ce-i permite sa 'suga la doua oi' so-to-speak (creaza usor legaturi in ambele parti, si profita de pe urma lor, fiind la mijloc. intre doua nu te ploua. :D )


e clar ca pentru o imagine cit de cit competenta a subiectului minerale, este necesara intelegerea relatiilor dintre ele. dar fara minerale nu exista nici relatii intre ele, minerale :D. de asta am inceput cu prezentari individuale :). mai intai inveti cum se muta piesele, una cite una, abia ulterior treci la teoria deschiderilor, si alte chestii avansate :P

contributiile sint evident binevenite :D

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 Post subject: Re: MINERALE: Potasiu (Kaliu)
PostPosted: Thu Jul 05, 2012 1:03 am 
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Corect.

Ca sa mai contracarezi din efectele "acide" care te imbatraneste, mai poti sa "furi" electroni de la Soare (sau poate nu electroni, ci alte particule, but regardless...). Cand stau ore-ntregi pe-afara la soare, aproape ca nici nu-mi e foame, am o energie care nu se mai termina, sunt tanar, doamna, tanar... Asta cu conditia sa nu fiu prin praf si gaze de esapament ofc (ideal pe plaja langa padure sau in padure langa plaja (cum am mai zis mai demult) )

Las mintile mai analitice sa explice cauza, eu am emis doar efectul :naruto:

Soarele si tenisul... :P

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 Post subject: Re: MINERALE: Potasiu (Kaliu)
PostPosted: Thu Jul 05, 2012 6:48 am 
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soarele are ca efect 'energizarea'/'excitarea' propriilor minerale, care servesc ca 'antene' receptoare pt energia electromagnetica de frecventa specifica (fiecare mineral are un anumit spectru de absorbtie). de asta are de exemplu, soarele, efecte asupra densitatii oaselor.

lumina colorata e de mult folosita pentru tratamente. dezavantajul la soare este ca emite inclusiv radiatii nocive. de asta este ideal un 'filtru' de genul vitraliilor. stiinta asta s-a cam pierdut in ziua de azi :( noroc cu forumu :P muhaha.

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 Post subject: Re: MINERALE: Potasiu (Kaliu)
PostPosted: Thu Jul 05, 2012 3:27 pm 
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@bhairava: ce parere ai despre potassium broth?

Mai imi fac din cand in cand si imi place foarte mult.
E ca un fel de ceai numai ca are gust de supa :)

POTASSIUM BROTH:

This is a GREAT tasting addition to your Cleansing Program. It will FLUSH your Body of TOXINS, Poisons and UNWANTED Salts and Acids, while giving you a CONCENTRATED amount of Vitamins and Minerals.
1. Fill a LARGE pot with 25% Potato peelings, 25% Carrot peelings and WHOLE chopped Beets, 25% chopped Onions, including 50 cloves of Garlic, 25% Celery and DARK Greens.
2. Add HOT Peppers to taste.
3. Add enough Distilled Water to cover the Vegetables and simmer on very LOW temperature for 1-2 hours.
4. Strain, or just dip your mug in, and drink ONLY the Broth.
5. Make enough for 2 days, refrigerating the leftover Broth.
NOTE: Put the Vegetables in your Compost. It is IMPORTANT, that you use ORGANIC Vegetables, because you do NOT want to consume ANY Toxic Insecticides, Pesticides or Inorganic Chemical Fertilizers, while you're doing a Cleansing and Detoxification Program!
NOTE: Since the Potassium Broth is a POWERFUL Electrolyte BALANCER, it must to be taken by SICK People ONLY, otherwise the Electrolytes, but especially Potassium, will QUICKLY become OUT-OF-BALANCE in the Body!

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 Post subject: Re: MINERALE: Potasiu (Kaliu)
PostPosted: Fri Jul 06, 2012 12:08 pm 
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prea elaborat, imo, plus ca ramin multe porcarii pe linga minerale, prin metoda asta.

eu as carboniza cojile de cartof, si as pune suc de lamaie peste cenusa => citrat de potasiu (si o mica cantitate de ascorbat, de asemeni)

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